COMMON CONDITIONS

The information outlined below on common conditions and treatments of paediatric orthopaedic injuries is provided as a guide only and it is not intended to be comprehensive. Discussion with Mr Kumar is important to answer any questions that you may have.

The clinical challenge in paediatric hip pain is to distinguish urgent conditions such as infection of the hip joint from the more common irritable hip. Transient synovitis is one of the most common causes in children over 3 years of age but it has similar early symptoms to septic arthritis.

Read More About Hip Pain in Children here.

Knee pain in children can be a result of many factors. Most commonly it is a result of overuse in active teenagers, but can also be caused by a specific trauma or condition.

It is quite common for children to complain of knee pain without having sustained any type of trauma or injury, especially active adolescents. A change in activity level or sport may be related to the onset of symptoms, usually the onset of knee pain will occur after a considerable delay.

Read More About the Diagnosis and Treatment of Knee Pain in Children here.

As time passes, you may notice that your child’s growth isn’t completely on the straight and narrow. Many young kids have flatfeet, toe walking, pigeon toes, bowlegs, and knock-knees.

As kids grow, some of these conditions correct themselves without treatment. Others don’t or become more severe because of other medical conditions. But many orthopedic (bone) conditions, just like dimples or cleft chins, are just normal variations of human anatomy that don’t need to be treated.

Read More About Foot and Ankle Problems in Children here.

Growth plates are the areas of active, new bone growth near the ends of bones. They’re made up of cartilage, a rubbery, flexible material (the nose, for instance, is made of cartilage). When kids are done growing, the growth plates harden into solid bone. This happens in girls around ages 13–15 and in boys around ages 15–17.

A growth plate fracture is a break in the growth plate of a child or teen. They happen most often in the bones of the fingers, forearm, and lower leg.

Read More About Growth Plate Fractures here.

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder that affects a child’s ability to control his or her muscles. It is caused by damage or abnormalities in the parts of the brain that are involved with movement and coordination. The spinal cord and muscles in a child with CP are structurally normal.

Read More About Cerebral Palsy here.

Kids with a leg length discrepancy have legs that are different lengths. This happens because the thigh bone (femur), shinbones (tibia or fibula), or both are shorter in one leg.

Signs and symptoms of a leg length discrepancy depend on the cause and how much shorter one leg is. A small difference in leg length might not be noticeable at all. A bigger difference can cause a limp or pain. It can also lead to arthritis as an adult. Depending on how old a child is and the cause of the discrepancy, the difference may stay the same or get worse as the child grows.

Read More About Leg Length Discrepancy here.

Fractures (broken bones) can be very common in children. Their bones are softer and not as fully formed as adults. As a result, there are a number of different types of fracture a child may have. Our paediatric orthopaedics can identify your child’s injury and treat them accordingly.

Read More About Paediatric Fractures here.

Orthopaedic problems in children are common. They can be congenital, developmental or acquired, including those of infectious, neuromuscular, nutritional, neoplastic and psychogenic origin. Some of the more common disorders can be read about here.

Read More About Other Orthopaedic Neurological Deformities here.

Discussion with Mr Kumar is important to answer any questions that you may have. For information about any additional conditions not featured within the site, please contact us for more information.

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