Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder that affects a child’s ability to control his or her muscles. It is caused by damage or abnormalities in the parts of the brain that are involved with movement and coordination. The spinal cord and muscles in a child with CP are structurally normal.
Cerebral palsy affects approximately 2 out of every 1,000 live births. The physical disabilities associated with CP can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on which part and how much of the brain are involved. Some children can walk independently, while others need assistive devices, like crutches or walkers. Some children with CP require the use of wheelchairs for mobility.
In most cases, cerebral palsy begins before a baby is born; however, CP can also begin at birth or during the first years of life. Early signs of CP include delays in meeting milestones, such as learning to roll over, sit, crawl, or walk. Although there is no cure for CP, the disorder does not worsen as a child grows. Early treatment, such as physical therapy, medication, braces, and other assistive devices, can significantly help children improve their functional capabilities.
For more information on cerebral palsy or to discuss your child’s symptoms, please do not hesitate to get in touch via our appointments page.